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Your abdomen is more than just your stomach and six-pack (for us muscular types). It’s home to many of your vital organs—your intestines and bladder, the reproductive system, the quirky appendix, and more. So when pain strikes, it requires a bit of sleuthing.

All articles in Abdomen

A lump on the left side rib cage can be caused by underlying skin conditions like boils, warts, skin abscess, or cysts. Other rare causes for painful lump on the rib cage on the left side includes colonic neoplasm.

A mass or abdominal lump on the lower left abdomen can most commonly be caused by skin conditions like cysts, abscess, or growth of fatty tissue known as lipoma. If you have a lump that causes pain on the left side of the abdomen, you may also have a hernia or an ovarian cyst if you are female.

A lump on the right side with no pain could be a sign of a skin abscess. A painful lump can be caused by ovarian cysts or uterine fibroids in women. Hernias might also cause a lump or bulge.

Upper right abdominal pain can be caused by gallstones, a gall bladder infection, or a stomach ulcer. Inflammation or irritation of the organs can also cause pain there.

Sharp pain in the lower right could mean appendicitis. Otherwise, pain can be caused by gas and constipation, kidney stones, hernias, or issues with reproductive organs such as testicular torsion and ovarian cysts.

Pain in the lower left abdomen may be from constipation or gas, kidney stones, or a hernia. In women, menstruation or ovarian cysts can also cause pain there.

Pain in the upper left abdomen can be caused by a stomach ulcer, acute gastritis, or indigestion.

A hard abdominal lump can feel painful and be associated with bloating, gas, or constipation. It ca be caused by a cyst, wart, or abscess. A lump above the belly button can also be caused by a hernia.

Gas can often be treated with over-the-counter medications and changes to your diet. Occasionally, gas is a sign of conditions like irritable bowel syndrome and celiac disease.

See Gas treatments

Having abdominal pain after eating, also known as postprandial pain, is caused by a range of issues, but typically triggered by the foods you eat, like spicy or fatty foods.

A swollen abdomen is commonly caused by gastrointestinal issues that induce bloating. Some of these conditions include IBS, heartburn, bacteria in the intestines, or constipation. But there are more serious causes as well.

Abdominal pain is usually a sign of a common illness or infection. Other causes include indigestion, a stomach ulcer, IBS, or food poisoning.

An itchy abdomen can be caused by a range of issues from contact dermatitis to shingles. Learn what the symptoms mean and how to treat it.

Abdominal migraines cause abdominal pain, headache, nausea, and vomiting—mostly in children. Lifestyle changes reduce symptoms.

See Abdominal Migraine treatments

Appendicitis is an inflammation or infection in your appendix, a small pouch in the lower, right side of your belly. Surgery is usually required, but sometimes, when caught early, it can be treated with antibiotics.

See Appendicitis treatments

If you have abdominal pain that gets worse with movement, you may also have stomach cramps and nausea. Stomach pain when moving around may be caused by appendicitis or a stomach ulcer.

Sharp abdominal pain could be caused by gas or could mean you need immediate medical attention. Learn about 10 causes for severe abdominal pain and understand whether or not to worry.

Acute abdominal pain is intense and hits you suddenly. The conditions that cause it, such as appendicitis and acute bowel obstruction, are medical emergencies. Some causes are life-threatening, so getting immediate treatment is crucial.

Children experiencing a lump in the belly button may have a congenital anomaly, while belly button lumps in adults may be caused by a hernia, an inflammatory condition, or a mass.

Pain around the belly button is often associated with the cecum, the appendix, ascending colon, right ovary and fallopian tube, or the right ureter.

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that causes severe pain in the upper abdomen and nausea. Call your doctor or seek care immediately as it can be a medical emergency.

See Pancreatitis treatments